The benefits of a managed spectrum

March 10, 2010 at 9:46 am 5 comments

We were now at the halfway point of our stay 2 week in Niue, most of our equipment had arrived, so it was time to set up OpenBTS and create the trial 900Mhz GSM service for the people of the island of Niue.

We had tested OpenBTS and everything was working, so the next step was to mount the antenna on the local TV transmitter tower.

TV Tower on Niueand install the OpenBTS unit into a rack in the hut at the base.

Then we switched it all on……


Things started to go down hill at that point….

We realised that the Xorcom gateway which was to be used to connect OpenBTS to the island phone system was still stuck in customs in Auckland meaning that the system would have to be used in stand-alone mode for the time being.

We did some coverage and quality tests. We then found that the 900Mhz spectrum was pretty crowded – the old AMPS analog mobile system was present, which we knew about and had been warned to avoid by Niue Telecom. OpenBTS’s radio had been tuned to include a filter to ignore these frequencies.

We also found that there was widespread use of 900Mhz Wifi equipment – including on the TV tower we had our antenna on. This was a surprise, especially since 900Mhz is designated by the ITU as spectrum for licensed mobile communications in all parts of the world except North America. After some emails and asking around we found that the Wifi was run by the Internet Users Society of Niue who were using imported equipment that can be operated without a license in the USA.

It is worth noting that IUSN have had a complex relationship with the Government of Niue – see this article to get a flavour.

Anyhow, Harvind retuned the filter to try and block the wifi, which was threatening to overwhelm the signals from handsets. David adjusted the power management to encourage the handsets to put out more power (at the risk of poorer battery life) and we went out to test it.

We provisioned (by hand) some 30 test phones and started to use the system. Unfortunately an error on my part resulted in a Fijian visitor getting service, much to her and our surprise.

The system worked well, text messaging proving popular even in the small test group. Coverage however was more limited than we had hoped. We concluded that there were 3 reasons for this:

  1. The vegetation in Niue is very lush – which we should have expected since part of the island is a rain forest. This dense greenery absorbs the GSM signal
  2. The interference from the wifi was reducing our ability to detect weaker return signals from handsets (despite the filter)
  3. The antenna mounting wasn’t optimal

We had a progress meeting with our client, the Govt of Niue and Niue Telecom. This resulted in a flurry of action. The islands fishery repair shop was drafted in to fabricate an improved antenna mount, which allowed us to correct the angle of the antenna, improving the coverage in the commercial center of Alofi.

Niue Telecom loaned us the use of a spare satellite link, which let us test international calling.

These changes improved the system to the point that it was very useful. Indeed on the final day I called into the VoIP Users Conference from my iPhone using the system.

Probably the best demonstration of the system occurred later that morning while I was doing some last minute shopping for souvenirs and my phone rang, (you should have seen the looks on the faces of the other folks in the shop!) it was our client, telling me that a TV crew had arrived at our rented house and could I get back quickly to be interviewed!

Overall the test was a qualified success, the main lessons learnt were :

  1. Bring everything as personal luggage, ship nothing
  2. Don’t assume a spectrum will be clear just because you have a license for it
  3. OpenBTS works!

Links: Part 1 Part 2 OpenBTS blog


Entry filed under: Uncategorized. Tags: , , , , .

The first GSM call on Niue The way to communicate via clouds.

5 Comments Add your own

  • […] 1 Part 3 OpenBTS blog Possibly related posts: (automatically generated)The benefits of a managed spectrumGet […]

  • […] 2 Part 3 OpenBTS blog Possibly related posts: (automatically generated)Myanmar introduces first ever […]

  • […] Итак, вот и первый реальный ответ тем, кто не понимает, как и зачем использовать OpenBTS в реальных приложениях. Дэвид Бёрджес (David Burgess), Харвинд Самра (Harvind Samra) и Тим Пантон (Tim Panton) по заказу «Ниуэ Телеком» (Telecom Niue) запустили в закрытую тестовую эксплуатацию вышку с OpenBTS на острове Ниуэ. Без приключений, конечно, не обошлось, и об этом можно почитать в блогах Дэвида и Тима. […]

  • 4. service gsm  |  August 10, 2010 at 7:44 pm

    Tim Panton, among other things is the reason we can connect to the VoIP Users Conference via Skype and he has been championing innovative integration of voice technologies.

    Tim Panton’s had experience as CEO at and also owns Westhawk, which is a software and network consultancy company.

  • 5. Telephone systems guy  |  September 6, 2010 at 1:18 pm

    That is really cool! What great fun you must’ve had coming up with all of that!


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

Trackback this post  |  Subscribe to the comments via RSS Feed

Follow me on Twitter

%d bloggers like this: